Jammu and Kashmir is referd as the paradise on the earth it is The "Crown of India" and shares international boundary on three sides with China , Afganisthan and Pakistan. In the past it was ruled by Hindu rulers, Mughal's Afghans, Sikh and later by the British. The mountainous state is blessed with lofty snow clad peaks, deep gorges, glaciers, lush green meadows and verdant valleys, beautiful silvery lakes, charming flora and fauna. It has a distinct culture and has some
Jammu, the land of ancient temples comprises of six of the southern districts of the State. It forms the transitional part beteen towering Himalayan ranges in the north and the dusty plains of Punjab in the South. The region can be physically classified into three discernible zones, determind by the terrain conditions and the geo-climatic environment. The upland region of the Kishtwar, Rajouri, Doda, Punch And Bhadarwah is geographically similar to Kashmir. While the lower hilly area around Jammu is famous for aromatic 'Basmati' rice and ried pomegranate seeds
The Jammu region had 22 small hill principalities. Raja Maldev, a Dogra ruler conquered many of them and consolidated his empire. Raja Ranjit Dev rled over Jammu from 1733 to 1782 but was followed by weak successors. Maharaja Ranjit Sngh, th great sikh ruler annexed the territory and later handed it over to Raja Gulab Singh, a scion of the old Dogra ruling family. He annexed almost the whole Jammu region is dotted with many places of interest as well as a number of important shrines and is a vegitable paradise of spiritualism. The Vaishnodevi shrine is the biggest attraction of jammu region, which is visited by millions of devotees every year
The magnificent temple complex set in the heart of the city is one of the most important and largest shrines of Northern India. The contruction of the temple was established in 1835, by Maharaja Gulab Singh, the founder of Jammu and Kashmir kingdom and was completed by his son Maharaja Ranbir Singh in 1860. The complex conist of 17 temples and the main shrine is dedicated to Lord Raghunath (Rama). The inner walls of the main temple are gold plated. The surrounding temples are dedicated to various deities of Hindus pantheon. The temple complex is also a treasure house of ancient texts and manuscripts
Bagh e Bahu has one of the best aquarium in the Indian subcontinent, The main feature of this aquarium is its entry point which is in the shape of a fish mouth and exit is in the shape of fish tail it attracts the tourists with its numerous types of fishes inside. The aquarium displays near about 400 varieties of marine fishes and sea species. Some fish species that can be spotted hear include sucker catfish, Pirhana, shark catfish, labeo rohita, neon jewel, cyprinus carpio, bubble eye, red shiner and many more.
The center of the aquarium is also have a museum, a public gallery, a conference hall, state-of-art equipments and laboratory.
The ancient fort was originally built about 3000 years age and is set majestically on a rock face, overlooking the genly flowing Tawi River. The existing edifice and the Manasabdar's palace inside was built in 1820. Today, the fort is well known for the temple dedicated to Godddess Maha Kali, Popularly known as Bahu or Bawey waley Mata and is considered next only to the famous Mata Vaishnodevi Temple. The present structure of the temple was built after the coronation of Maharaja Gulab Singh in 1822.
The beautiful Bagh-i-bahu garden is located at the base of the fort
The ancient cave temple on the circular road has a naturally formed Shivalingam, which is highly revered by the devotees
The Mahamaya Temple is not merely a place of worship, it is one of the foremost tourist attractions of Jammu. One of the distinctive characteristic of the Mahamaya Temple is that its presiding deity is not any famous God of the Hindu Pantheon but Mahamaya, a Dogra heroine. who gave up her life fighting for her motherland.The Mahamaya Temple therefore epitomizes the power and strength of Indian women folk which is often underestimated. It is located just opposite to the Bahu Fort, The temple is surrounded by lush green forests.
The garden of Bagh-e-Bahu often attracts a lot of people to its magnificent ambience which doubles as a picnic spot. It is famous for its different types of beautiful gardens of different kinds of flowers, So, whether you come to Bagh-e-Bahu for a picnic or simply for a visit, you will leave mesmerized by its beauty for sure!
The magnificent red- brick palace is perched elegantly on a hill, overlooking the tawi river flowing 500feet below. The imposing palace was built by Raja Amar Singh and was designed by the famous French architect. It was later converted into a museum and is managed by the Hari-Tara Charitable trust. The museum was formally inaugurated on 13th April 1975, by the then Prime Minister – Indira Gandhi,
The Museum has galleries exhibiting excellent miniature paintings from Kangra school, paintings of contemporary Indian artists and portraits ets. But , the highlight of the museum is the 120 kg. Solid gold Dogra throne, which was used by the erstwhile Maharaja's. The well stocked library at the palace has a collection of over 25000 books dealing with various subjects like comparative religion, philosophy political science etc.
The majestic palace complex is an admixture of Rajasthani and Mughal style of architecture, with influences of enev Baroque Europian style. It affords a fine view of the Tawi River on one side and the city on the other and served as the residence of erstwhile Dogra rulers. The earliest building in the complex was built in 1824 and several addition were made to the structure by successive Dogra ruler. The most stuning section is the Sheesh Mahal. The pink Hal now houses the famous . Dogra Art Museum with a rick collection of rare paintings. The complex has a numbers of halls and galleries, which were used for official functions and ceremonies. Today, it houses and courts.
It is another important shrine of Jammu and is located on the Shalimar Road near the New Secretariat. The temple was built by the Maharaja Ranbir Singh in 1883 and is the biggest Shiva temple in North India. The temple enshrine a large number of Shivlingams. The center lingam in black stone is seven and a half feet high and is surrounded twelvw crystal lingams, measuring from 15 cms. to 38 cms. In two big halls, there are 1.25 lakh "bona Lingam". The temple also has huge images of Lord Ganesha, Kartikeya and Nandi bull.
The lovely lake amidst thickly wooded forest is a popular excursion point. Boating facilities are available here. A food and crafts festival is also organised here by J&K Tourism around the festival of Baisakhi.
The beautiful picnic spot lies on the banks of jhajjar rivulet on the Jammu – Srinagatr highway. The jhajjar Kotli tourist complex managed by JKTDC attracts a lagre number of picnickers during the summers.
The Hindu pilgrim site on the banks of sacred Devika river is popularly called as 'litle' Kashi. A lagre number of devotees flock to puramandal on Shivratri and Chitra Chaudashi.